Birds of Prey


This section describes the different eagles and basic information about them.

An Eagle is a Raptor, its a preditor, strong, fast and powerful bird. Some eagles can weigh approx 17lbs making them one of the largest birds of prey. Eagles have very strong and powerful legs, large hooked beaks that will tear flesh from their prey. Also with there strong claws also know as "talons" they have a strong razor sharp grip, them powerful claws wont be letting any prey get away easy.

An eagle also has very good eyesight.  This enables the eagles to see prey from a very long distance away.They have very large pupils, ths ensures that minimal diffraction (also know as scattering) from the incoming light.

Ok now that we know eagles are "top of the line" "king of the hill" compared to other birds for there shear size, strength, intelligence, hunting skills etc lets talk about the different species of these raptors.

Eagles are also very beautuiful birds, and humans have leant from them, like when designing aircraft engineers have had to look how a bird of prey fly and put what an eagle does into the design of some aircraft, like the Airbus A380.

The most common eagles is what i will be talking about here.

The "Golden Eagle"  is a large dark brown bird with light golden-brown feathers around their head and neck areas also know as there "crown and nape". The golden eagle has a wingspan anything between 6ft to 7ft 3inches. also there wings are broad, they can weigh between  3 to 6 kilograms or 7 to 13 lbs. the females are the larger bird but similar in plumage to the males.
Fully grown adults have some grey feathers on the wings and tail, with the tarsel feathers (aka feet area) differ from white to dark brown.

Usually the younger birds also known as "Juveniles " will have more white tail feathers with a dark / black band at the end of the tail feathers.
The older the eagles are the amount of white feathers on there wings and tail is reduced. At 5 years old the eagle is considered a full grown adult.

These eagles have spectacular colours ranging from; brown, black, golden, grey's, yelow beak and feet, white feathers with black bands.

The "Bald Eagle"  is slightly bigger than the golden eagle, it is also very easy to reconise due to its distintive white head, white tail feather tips and large yellow beak and feet.

The female can be as much as 25% larger than the male birds, with a wingspan upto 8ft and wiegh as much as 17lbs (7.5kg)  these larger eagles mainly live in northern part of North America / Alaska.
The bald eagle can live anything between 20 & 30 years old, they eat a lot of fish from fresh water.

These eagles have less feathers on there legs compared to some other eagles such as the golden eagle. Also there wings are much Flatter and stiff compared to a golden eagle.
The bald eagle soar in the themals like a glider looking out for there next meal, they can fly between 55 - 70kph just flying around, and they will dive at increadable speeds of 120 - 160kph when they are locked onto some prey and swoop in for the catch.

This eagle has very strong feet & talons (aka claw) with special "spiricules" these alow these eagles to catch fish.

Ok well thats a breif discription on just 2 species of eagles. here is a list of some of the other common eagles which i can go into later date as my web site increasces.

The Eagle family is spilt into different species by there diet, size and geographic locations.

such as "Buteoninae"  is a subfamily of birds of prey that include buzzards, true eagles & sea eagles.

This family of birds are medium to large broard wings that have very strong powerful legs and talons (aka claws).

They have large hooked beaks that can easy tear flesh from their prey, and extreemly good eye sight so they can spot protential prey from a long distance away.

This is a list of ther other eagles in this family;

Black-chested Buzzard-eagle       Crowned Solitary Eagle
Solitary Eagle                                               Crested Eagle
Harpy Eagle                                                Philippine Eagle
New Guinea Eagle                       Black-and-chestnut Eagle
Cassin's Hawk-eagle                    Changeable Hawk-eagle
Mountain Hawk-eagle                          Blyth's Hawk-eagle
Javan Hawk-eagle                             Sulawesi Hawk-eagle
Philippine Hawk-eagle                      Wallace's Hawk-eagle
Black Hawk-eagle                                 Ornate Hawk-eagle
Black-and-white Hawk-eagle               Long-crested Eagle
Crowned Hawk-eagle                                      Martial Eagle
Ayres' Hawk-eagle                                African Hawk Eagle
New Guinea Hawk-eagle                                 Haast's Eagle
Bonelli's Eagle                                                  Booted Eagle
Little Eagle                                        Eastern Imperial Eagle
Rufous-bellied Eagle                         Spanish Imperial Eagle
Steppe Eagle                                                     Tawny Eagle
Greater Spotted Eagle                        Lesser Spotted Eagle
Indian Spotted Eagle                                  Verreaux's Eagle
Gurney's Eagle                                           Wahlberg's Eagle
Wedge-tailed Eagle                                              Black Eagle
White-tailed Eagle                                   Steller's Sea-eagle
African Fish-eagle                            White-bellied Sea-eagle
Sanford's Fish-eagle                          Madagascar Fish-eagle
Pallas' Sea-eagle                                        Lesser Fish-eagle
Grey-headed Fish-eagle


This is the next family called "Circaetinae"  also known as "snake-eagles" or "serpent-eagles"

These eagles are also medium to large broard-winged birds compared to other birds of prey.

They feed on snakes, crawling reptiles and what ever else they can find. and tend to live in warmer parts of the world compared to the other eagles "Buteoninae" who live in more northern parts of the world and higher altertude.

Just like the other eagles they have strong legs with powerful gripping talons and curved beaks for tearing fleash.
Also very good eyesight that alows them to spot potential prey from a long distance.

Here is a list of ther other eagles in this family;

Short-toed Eagle                       Madagascar Serpent-eagle
Black-chested Snake-eagle                    Brown Snake-eagle
Fasciated Snake-eagle                          Banded Snake-eagle
Crested Serpent-eagle                       Nicobar Serpent-eagle
Mountain Serpent-eagle                   Sulawesi Serpent-eagle
Philippine Serpent-eagle                  Andaman Serpent-eagle

That covers the 2 main family's of eagles, there is a lot of different species within the family. These eagles have a varable range of habitats and diets which will be covered more in the other page.

The main thing that they have in common is they are large birds with wide wingspans, very strong and tough claws. Intelligent birds that can build massive nests and are not affraid to take on anything if they are hungry.
Animals such as wolfs, fox, deer have been attacked, even deadly snakes can be a meal for these birds.

The biggest eagles can weigh as much as 17lbs (7.5kg) and have upto an 8 foot wingspan that can dive down from high above at over 150kph.
Even some smaller eagles like the Black hawk eagle are tough and are easy able to take on a creature bigger than itself.


Eagles are also mentioned in the Bible ISAIAH 40:31

"But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strengh; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run; and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint"


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